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14. References - web articles, scholarly papers and publications 

The following references are cited in the Toolkit:

Amr (2012) University of West London embraces social media

Anderson, N. (2006) Tim Berners-Lee on Web 2.0: “nobody even knows what it means”. Arstechnica.

Armstrong, J. and Franklin, T. (2008) A review of current and developing international practice in the use of social networking (Web 2.0) in higher education.

Badge, J., Johnson, S., Moseley, A. and Cann, A. (2011) Observing Emerging Student Networks on a Microblogging Service. MERLOT Journal of Online Learning and Teaching. Vol. 7, No. 1, March 2011

Baranova, P., Morrison, S. and Mutton, J. (2010) Service design in higher and further education: a briefing paper

BBC (2011) News: social media guidance.

BBC (2014) Facebook faces UK probe over emotion study

Big Brother Watch (2011) NHS Breaches of Data Protection Law.

Blair, E. (2014) Online, Researcher Says, Teens Do What They've Always Done (Book Review: It’s complicated – the social lives of networked teens, Boyd, D.).

Bloxham, J. (2013) Augmented reality in education: teaching tool or passing trend? The Guardian

Booth, B. (2012) Embracing social media. University of Sheffield UCISA Amber Miro award entry.

Britland, M. (2012) Social media for schools: a guide to Twitter, Facebook and Pinterest. .The Guardian

Broughton, A., Higgins, T., Hicks, B. and Cox, A. (2011) Workplaces and Social Networking: the Implications for Employment Relations. ACAS Research Paper 11/11.

Broughton, A., Foley, B., Ledermaier, S. and Cox, A. (2013) The use of social media in the recruitment process. ACAS Research Paper 03/13:.

Campbell, S. (2014) One minute on Facebook: 80,000 status updates. The Telegraph.

Cann, A., Dimitriou, K. and Hooley, T. (2011) Social media: a guide for researchers. Research information Network.

Cardiff University (2012) Embedding learning literacies at Cardiff University: INSRV’s Digital and Information Literacies Strategy 2012-2014.

Clark, R., Andrews, J., Thomas, L. and Aggarwal, R. (2013) Compendium of effective practice in higher education. Volume 2. The Higher Education Academy.

Cope, J. and Jones, G. (2011) Connecting Researchers at the University of Bath. Ariadne Issue 67.

Corbyn, Z. (2008) By the blog: academics tread carefully. Times Higher Education.

Coughlan, S. (2011) Open University's record iTunes U downloads. BBC News.

Council for Advancement and Support of Education (2009) Click here to donate: results of the CASE survey of online fundraising 2009. CASE white paper.

D’Arcy, K. (2013) How Bangor University Convert Facebook Fans Into Applications.

Day, E. (2013) Mary Beard: I almost didn't feel such generic, violent misogyny was about me. The Guardian.

Edina (2011) Edina Social Media Guidelines. (V1.1 October 2012)

Ferrell, G. (2013) Enhancing student employability through technology-supported assessment and feedback. Jisc briefing paper.

Grice, E. (2013) Twitter trolls mess with Mary Beard at their peril. The Telegraph.

Handorf, T. (2010) Expelled: Woodbury's Second Life Silencing.

Hawkins, R. (2014) Labour calls for 'owl for everyone' after Twitter hack. BBC.

Head, P. (2013) An analysis of UK universities on social media.

Home Office (2015) Prevent duty guidance

Information Commissioner's Office (2013) Social networking and online forums – when does the DPA apply?

Information Commissioner's Office (2013) Social Media Policy

Institute of Education (2011) Social media strategy.

 Jisc Legal (2003) Duty of care in the further and higher education sectors

Jisc Legal (2007) Hosting Liability – Overview for FE and HE Institutions

Jisc Legal (2013) Facing up to Facebook: a guide for FE and HE

Kelly, B. (2008) Web 2.0 in Higher Education in the United Kingdom. In Armstrong and Franklin.

Kelly, B. (2013) Using social media to enhance your research activities. In: Social Media in Social Research 2013 Conference, 2013-06-24 – 2013-06-24, London.

Kelly, S. M. (2012) Top 10 Social Media-Savvy Universities.

Knight, J. and Rochon, R. (2013) Using social networking to enable students to engage with the university prior to entry. in Clark et al (2013) Compendium of effective practice in higher education. Volume 2. The Higher Education Academy.

Levine, S. (2011) How Fast the News Spreads Through Social Media. Sysomos

Linch, K. (2009) Case study – Web Research for Historians. University of Leeds.

LSE (2012) How visible are UK universities in social media terms?

Lory, B. (2010) Using Facebook to Assess Candidates During the Recruiting Process: Ethical Implications.

Lynley, M. (2012) Why the Web Is Freaking Out Over Instagram’s New Terms of Service.

Lytle, R. (2011) College Admissions Officials Turn to Facebook to Research Students. U.S. News and World Report:

Masterman, L. (2013) A digital dodo? Building a social media presence for the Museum of Natural History. University of Oxford

MacGregor, K. (2014) British Universities Fail To Take Advantage of Social Media, Says Report. The Chronicle of Higher Education

MacLeod, D. (2006) A blog too far at the LSE? The Guardian.

McDonnell, J. (2013) Demystifying university: Using Facebook to develop a pre-induction online community to aid transition and retention. Higher Education Academy.

McKenzie, D. and Özler, B. (2011) The impact of economics blogs. World Bank

McNeill, T. (2012) “Don’t affect the share price”: social media policy in higher education as reputation management. Research in Learning Technology Supplement: ALT-C 2012 Conference Proceedings

Mewburn, I. (2012) Academics behaving badly? Universities and online reputations. The Conversation

Miller, D. (2013a) What will we learn from the fall of Facebook? Global Social Media Impact Study project blog.

Miller, D. (2013b) Facebook’s so uncool, but it’s morphing into a different beast. The Conversation

Miller, D. (2013c) Scholarship, integrity and going viral. Global Social Media Impact Study blog

Minocha, S. (2009) A Study on the Effective Use of Social Software by Further and Higher Education in the UK to Support Student Learning and Engagement. Jisc

Minocha, S. and Petre, M. (2012) Handbook of social media for researchers and supervisors: digital technologies for research dialogues. The Open University and Vitae

Mitrano, T. (2006) Thoughts on Facebook. Cornell University

Mollett, A., Moran, D. and Dunleavy, P. (2011) Using Twitter in university research, teaching and impact activities – a guide for academics and researchers. LSE Public Policy Group

Moore, K. (2014) Social media 'at least half' of calls passed to front-line police. BBC

Newslite (2011) Student produces alternative university adverts

Paddock, A. (2012) Improving public understanding of science: social media and digital technologies. University of Oxford

Parr, C. (2013) Academics face the cybercreeps alone. Times Higher Education

Patel, N. (2012) No, Instagram can't sell your photos: what the new terms of service really mean.

Peachey, A. (2007) Education in Second Life. Communications Journal of Computer Society of India

Peluchette, J. and Karl, K. (2009) Examining Students’ Intended Image on Facebook: “What Were They Thinking?!” Journal of Education for Business, 2009, 85(1), p. 30

Playle, T. (2011) How can a university best use social media for internal communications? The Guardian.

Ringmar, E. (2007) A Blogger's Manifesto: Free Speech and Censorship in the Age of the Internet, Anthem Press, London, available from

Ringmar, E. (2008) Guerilla bloggers and the Old Elite. Huffington Post

Rowe, J. (2014) Student use of social media: when should the university intervene? Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management Volume 36, Issue 3, 2014.

Russell, C. (2012) Social media in UK universities today.

Sandler, E.P. (2009) Can Social Media Help Prevent Suicide? Psychology Today

Schwartz, M. (2011) Fox News Twitter Account Hacked, Claims Obama Killed. Information Week.

Seaman, J. and Tinti-Kane, H. (2013) Social media for teaching and learning. Pearson.

Seife, C. (2014) The weird reasons why people make up false identities on the Internet. Wired

Shaw, J. (2013) University recruitment: one fifth of students say social media doesn't work. The Guardian

Shields, M. (2015) MySpace Still Reaches 50 Million People Each Month. Wall Street Journal

Smailes, J. (2012) Bridging the gap between acceptance and enrolment: mentoring via social media. Higher Education Academy.

Smithers, M. (2012) Universities and social media: Academics need to be bold in our use of social media and not outsource digital dissemination to widget gurus. LSE Impact Blog.

Sociagility (2012) The Transatlantic University Divide: How the UK lags the USA in social media effectiveness

Social Media Strategies Summit (2012) The Top 10 Social Media Success Stories of 2012 & What We Can Learn From Them.

Stepanova, E. (2011) The Role of Information Communication Technologies in the 'Arab Spring': implications beyond the region. PONARS Eurasia Policy Memo No. 159.

Stoner, M. (2009) The Blue Pig Campaign: FTF + Facebook + Twitter + More = Annual Fund Increases. MStoner blog.

Swain, H. (2011) Social media presents challenge to universities. The Guardian.

Tanner, S. (2012) Measuring the Impact of Digital Resources: The Balanced Value Impact Model. King’s Digital Consultancy Service.

Terras, M. (2012) The verdict: is blogging or tweeting about research papers worth it? LSE Impact Blog

Thompson, C. (2009) Click here to donate: results of the CASE survey of online fundraising. Council for Advancement and Support of Education

UCISA (2014a) Model regulations for the use of institutional IT facilities and systems.

UCISA (2014b) Responding to copyright infringement report.

University of Stirling Information Strategy 2009-13

University of Stirling Information Strategy 20013-16, Supporting Innovation and Excellence.

Universities UK (2011) Freedom of speech on campus: rights and responsibilities in UK universities.

University of York (2012) Social media guidelines.

Williams, C. (2007) University moves to hush Facebook criticism. The Register.

Wolfson, S. (2010) Spotted someone you fancy in the library? Confess your crush on Fitfinder. The Guardian

Young, J.R. (2010) Woodbury U banned from Second Life again. The Chronicle.

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